Cancer ... conquered or conqueror?
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Stress and Related Psychological Factors

Even as far back as the 2nd century AD, the Greek physician Galen noted that melancholic women were more likely to develop cancer. Today, the effects of emotions and stress are increasingly being examined for their link to the development of cancer.

According to Leon Chaitow, ND, DO, of London England, when psychological and emotional changes occur in a person, stress is often produced, resulting in increased adrenaline levels, hormonal changes, and decreased immune function. " Usually, the body can adapt itself, continuing to function during this temporary condition before returning to normal," Dr. Chaitow says. " But when the stress is too severe, or if it becomes chronic, chemical changes begin to occur in the body, creating an environment which may increase the risk of serious disease, including cancer." Additionally, the increased adrenal levels, hormone imbalance, and loss of immune function, are all factors in cancer formation.

Over the last seventy five years, numerous studies have linked stress, and it's related psychological components, to a person's susceptibility to cancer. Several recent studies have also linked stressful changes in a child's life, including personal injury or the loss of health of another family member, with the onset of cancer. Other studies found adults who had recently lost a loved one, or were widowed, divorced, or seperated, to have the highest cancer rates.

In addition, a basic inability to cope with stress was found to account for a significant rise in cancer incidences. How people delt with illness, especially cancer, has also been shown to have a dramatic impact on disease recovery.


The Type C Personality

The term "Type C personality" is used in much the same way to describe people at risk for cancer, as the term "Type A personality" is used for people at risk of heart disease. While there is no clear consensus on what exactly makes up a Type C personality, or even if such a thing exists, researchers have found a significant amount of anecdotal and suggestive evidence to support certain psychological features that can greatly increase a person's risk for cancer.

The main psychological aspect associated with cancer is loss, either loss of a loved one, or loss of hope. Many cancer patients feel a profound sense of hopelessness and despair, particularly about the meaning of their own existence. Often this feeling has been present as far back as the patient can remember.
The other psychological aspect commonly associated with a cancer personality is the suppression, or repression, of emotions, especially anger. This is seen in people who deny their own needs by holding in their emotions from an early age.

These two characteristics often combine into a third feature of the Type C personality, that of loneliness. This loneliness is usally characterized at an early age by a lack of closeness to one or both parents that later carries on into adulthood as a lack of closeness with friends or a fulfilling relationship.

Most people experience one or all of these traits at some various times in their lives. This is normal, if it does not become a chronic condition. The people who are most at risk from these psychological factors are those who began showing these signs at an early age, then carried them into adulthood. Researchers have found that these psychological patterns, along with stress, can greatly add to a person's cancer risk.

Genetics

The basic mechanisms that account for the development of cancer reside in the cellular genetic material, primarily the DNA, according to cancer researcher David A. Steenblock, DO, of Lake Forest, California. " This genetic material can either be inherently programmed to be vulnerable to the onset of cancer due to the passage of faulty genes from one generation to the next (such as in some instances of breast, colon, and lung cancer), or, as is usually the case, the healthy DNA is altered by an initiator, usually a carcinogenic toxin, " Dr. Steenblock explains.

These altered genetic materials are now referred to as "cancer genes", or oncogenes, which can turn on a cell's proliferative capacity if a cacner promoter comes in contact with it. " In other cases these changes to the genetic structure will simply result in faulty metabolism leading to gradual energy loss, triggering the cell to divide in an attempt to repair itself, " Dr. Steenblock says. " Unfortunately, the divided cells, or 'daughter cells', inherit the same, or worse, genes. Because of this, the metabolism remains poor, resulting in another round of cell division, and another round of faulty daughter cells."



Viruses

Originally, when cancer genes were discovered in viruses, it was believed that viruses were a major cause of cancer. Subsequently, however, oncogenes have been found in human and animal cells, making it apparent that the viruses were merely integrating the damaged genes into their own cellular material, and were not actually transmitting the gene to thei host.

Despite this fact, there are still several viruses which have been linked directly to cancer. These include the Hepatitis-B virus, which is linked to primary liver cancer; Epstein-Barr virus, which is linked to Burkitt's lymphoma, nasopharyngeal cancer (cancer of the nose and pharynx), and Hodgkin's disease; herpes simplex-2, which is linked to cervical cancer; papilloma viruses (viruses associated with genital warts), which are linked to cervical, vaginal / vulva, and penile canacer; HTLV (human T-cell lymphotropic virus, a retrovirus in the same family as HIV), which is linked to various leukemias and lymphomas; CMV (cytomegalovirus), which is linked to Kaposi's sarcoma (a cancer of the skin); and HIV, which is linked to AIDS and Kaposi's sarcoma. While none of these are known to be transmitted through casual contact, several, including HIV, are sexually and/or blood transmittable.



Pleomorphism

Although roundly criticized and dismissed by mainstream practitioners, one of the most fascinating lines of cancer research, largely suppressed and unknowned in the United States, is the pleomorphic theory of cancer. This theory, which states that microorganisms can change and take on multiple forms during a single life cycle, actually dates back more than a cebtury to French scientist Antoine Bechamp, a rival of Louis Pasteur. A doctor, chemist, and professor at the University of Toulouse, Bechamp discovered tiny molecular granules called microzymas, or "small ferments", which could change size and shape and become disease causing bacteria. Pasteur refuted this discovery, claiming that all disease was caused by external, preexisting, never-changing microbes that invaded the body.

With the advent of sophisticated, high-tech microscopic equipment, however, scientists were able to get a better view of the microorganisms in the body. German scientist Robert Koch, a Nobel Prize laureat for his discovery of the tuberculin bacillus bacterium, made note of the pleomorphic nature of the typhoid bacillus bacterium. In California in the 1930's, resercher Royal Rife used a light microscope with thirty thousand magnification to show the presence of pleomorphic organisms in human cancer specimens. And in the late 1940's, Virginia Livingston, MD, of Newark , New Jersey, isolated what she claimed to be the cancer-causing microbe, having found this microbe present in all cases of cancer.

One of the majjor breakthroughs involving pleomorphic theory came in post WW II France, with the development of a homebuilt optic microscope by biologist Gaston Naessens that allowed scientists to view live organisms at high magnifications called the "Somatoscope". Naessens used this tool to uncover tiny particles in the blood never before seen, although earlier researchers had surmised their existence. Neassens named these particles somalids, meaning "tiny bodies". " I have since become convinced that the somatid is the smallest unit of life, the precursor to DNA, capable of transforming energy into matter, " Naessens says.

Naessens' research revealed that these somalids normally went through a three stage micro-cycle: somatic, spore, double spore. But when the human immune system became stressed or damaged by pollution, sickness, emotional distress, or other causes, the somalids evolve through a macro-cycle of thirteen additional forms. These various forms have been associated with diseases like cancer, multiple sclerosis, lupus, AIDS, and other disorders.

German zoologist and bacteriologist, Guenther Enderlein, discovered similar microorganisms to Naessens' somalids. He named them "protits", and found that these tiny, protein-based microorganisms flourished in the blood cells, plasma body fluids, and tissues, living in harmony with the body in a symbiotic or mutrually beneficial relationship. But when there was any severe change or deterioration in the body's internal environment, these protits, like Naessens' somatids, would pass through several different stages of cyclic development,advancing from harmless agents to disease-producing bacteria or fungi.

Dr. Enderlein believed that a rich diet in animal fats and proteins could trigger these normally harmless microbes to change into the higher, toxic forms that cause disease ranging from cancer and leukemia to AIDS. According to his research, radiation and other carcinogenic influences could also initiate this change.

It is important to note that many mainstream microbiologists and cancer specialists adamantly deny the plemorphic theory of cancer. They assert that such somatid and protit forms are mere laboratory anomalies, and that, even if they do exist, they play no role in cancer. Still, other researchers, who also work in the mainstream of conventional medicine, believe that there is something to the pleomorphic theory. Raymond Keith Brown, MD, a physician and former fellow at the Sloan-Kettering Institute for Cancer Research in New York City, asserts, " Pleomorphic organisms are demonstrableas the silent stage of a gamut of infections, and they've been found in not only cancer patients, but those individuals afflicted with arthritis, multiple sclerosis, and other diseases.

Pleomorphic microorganisms do not cause disease, however. " They are simply witnesses to a weakening of the natural defenses of the body, and sign posts that can be used for early diagnosis of disease, " Naessens says.


By going to a physician who subscribes to the pleomorphic theory, and who uses the kind of microscopy that enables the observation of the pleomorphic forms, a person can be diagnosed with a disease such as cancer up to eighteen months before it would be diagnosed by even the most sensitive of conventional methods. This kind of early warning can give the patient the greatest chance for recovery and survival.

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